【Plant-based 101】What is a Plant-based Diet?

When one adopts a plant-based diet, it can be due to a variety of reasons, such as religious reasons, environmental reasons, and many more. No matter what your reason is, plant-based diet is definitely going mainstream. According to Green Monday’s recent survey on Hongkonger’s vegetarian habit, a total of 34% of Hongkongers now regularly practise flexitarian or a vegan diet. With more people willing to reduce meat consumption because of the coronavirus pandemic, it’s time to learn about plant-based diet fundamentals!


Definition of Plant-based Diet


People who choose a plant-based diet consume food that are mainly sourced through plants and does not include any animal meat, offal or products. It can be divided into the five following categories:




Why do people choose to adopt a plant-based diet?


People choose a plant-based diet for a variety of reasons, apart from the most common “religious vegetarians”, people also go for a plant-based diet due to environmental, health and animal welfare reasons.



Religious vegetarians span across the five vegetarian categories mentioned above. Specific to Buddhist vegetarians, food consumed should be free of garlic, green onions, scallions, leeks, and asafoetida.



One of the main causes of the climate change crisis is the development of factory farming, the process of producing meat generates large amount of greenhouse gases. Therefore, many vegetarians are concerned with the Earth’s well-being, they believe traditional agriculture has less of an ecological impact than animal agriculture. That’s why Green Monday encourages people to adopt plant-based diets at least once a week in order to positively contribute to the sustainable development of our planet. Each person who takes steps to adopt any version of a plant-based diet, contributes greatly in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.



The most common vegetarian dish ingredients are grains, vegetables, fruits, beans and nuts. All of which generally are high in nutritional value and rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and healthy fats. Moreover, studies have shown that the overall calorie intake of vegetarians is lower than meat eaters, meaning that vegetarians are generally at lower risk of obesity. Adopting a plant-based diet can also reduce health risks such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Therefore, many people have started choosing a plant-based diet more often for health reasons.


Animal Welfare

People who choose to adopt a plant-based diet because of animal welfare focus more on promoting animal rights and prohibiting the killing and abuse of animals in the meat and dairy industry.


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Green Common is the world’s first plant-based concept store to create a revolutionary food and lifestyle experience by introducing some of the most advanced global food-tech innovations. Our sales network has spread to over 10 countries and regions. Green Common aims at encouraging you to move toward a plant-based diet, our Green Sharing column includes everything you need to know about a plant-based diet, including dietitian's exclusive tips on how to eat smart, sharings by green KOLs, innovative vegan recipes, and more!